Data About Latinas Pay Gap

Population Growth Rate

“No respondents over 50 selected the term,” while overall “3% of women and 1% of men selected the term as their preferred ethnic identifier.” The ethnoracial approach is contextual, highlighting the analyses that Latinos come from a variety of different races, and from different parts of Latin America, which span all the standard US racial categories. This is the approach taken by Latinx philosopher Linda Martín Alcoff. What Latinx means in a particular ethnoracial context depends on the region one is in and the provenance of the population – from one or another Latin American country or group of countries – Cubans, Mexicans, and so on. Because of this variability and complexity, Alcoff refers to Latinos as an ethnorace as, depending on context, Latinos function sometimes as an ethnic group, and sometimes as a racial group.

Latina women are 69 percent more likely to be incarcerated than white women, according to a 2007 report. In 2011, the American Civil Liberties Union asserted that incarceration particularly affects Latinas and black women as they are often the primary caregivers for their children and are also disproportionately victimized. In 2012, the poverty rate for Latina women overall was 27.9 percent, compared with the rate for non-Hispanic white women at 10.8 percent. Poverty rates for Latina women, at 27.9 percent, are close to triple those of white women, at 10.8 percent.

The race and culture of each Hispanic/Latino country and their United States diaspora differs by history and geography. Hispanic or Latino origin is independent of race and is termed “ethnicity” by the United States Census Bureau. The overwhelmingly https://disdik.tabalongkab.go.id/2020/04/29/do-we-need-mexican-girls-now-that-we-have/ majority of Latinos descend from a mixture of Spanish and Native Americans, and depending on the regions within Latin America, a significant proportion also have high to moderate or low levels of colonial era Sub-Saharan African input.

Use of caution is therefore recommended when interpreting changes in the racial composition of the US population over time. The 1910 census was similar to that of 1900, but it included a reinsertion of “Mulatto” and a question about the “mother tongue” of foreign-born individuals and individuals with foreign-born parents. “Ot” was also added to signify “other races”, with space for a race to be written in. This decade’s version of the Indian Population Schedule featured questions asking the individual’s proportion of white, black, or American Indian lineage.

In the USA, up until the 1950s he’d be considered “Black.” Is he Black? Whomever wrote this article needs to be censured.I think the article does lean towards political correctness; but I think the author needs not to be censured but introduced to some statistical concepts. The physical differences we notice among the peoples native to sub-saharan Africa, Europe, eastern Asia etc. are biological in origin.

Aside from the US mainland and Puerto Rico itself, the US Virgin Islands, also a US territory, has a large Puerto Rican population. Like Stateside Virgin Islands Americans, Stateside Puerto Ricans are West Indian Americans who hold US citizenship and who have migrated to the US proper, and their descendants. Puerto Ricans who were born in Puerto Rico are US citizens, consequently, using the term “Puerto Rican American” only for those living in a U.S. state or incorporated territory is confusing if taken out of context. The term Latinx has been sweeping across college campuses in the nation with the intent of creating inclusion while inadvertently pitting members of the Latino community into a cultural war.

Providers may also deliver interventions that they have developed on their own or with research partners.37 Ours was the first successful efficacy trial of a systematic linguistic and cultural adaptation of an evidence-based intervention for use with a diverse Latina population. The health educators described how unhealthy relationships, including those characterized by abuse and coercion, can create barriers to practicing safer sex. This session also addressed reproduction, the female anatomy, and the value of one’s body. Session 3 used video testimonials by Latina women who were living with HIV to enhance participants’ awareness of HIV risk practices and to dispel common myths about HIV in the Latina community.

The adaptation process remained faithful to the underlying theories and core elements of the original SiSTA intervention. The Latina health educators implemented the AMIGAS curriculum with remarkable fidelity. Of all the activities outlined in the curriculum, 98% were independently rated as having been correctly implemented. The participants also gave health educators superior ratings for the manner in which they delivered the curriculum. Two trained Latina health educators presented AMIGAS in Spanish during 4 interactive group sessions lasting 2.5 hours each.

Hispanic workers are one of the fastest-growing populations in the labor force, yet many are still held back by structural disparities and discrimination that result in low wages and other negative labor market outcomes. In addition to finding that unexplained wage gap for Hispanic women is greater than the aggregation of the absolute ethnic and gender effects, we also identify particular groups of Hispanic women at an even greater disadvantage. ACNN studyconducted the same year, however, found that 53% of Latinas get pregnant in their teens, about twice the national average. This number, while not reflecting the hypersexuality of Latina teens, can be attributed to intersecting social issues of gender, race, class, immigrant status and education.

;” ethnic minorities can be considered exotic because they are different, reinforcing the idea that being white or having white features is the norm in the United States. Even if an ethnic minority is white-passing, when their nationality is revealed it may heighten their sexual appeal to people that value exoticism. The television and movie industry in America is dominated by white men who often portray ethnic minorities from a white point of view. Specifically, Latin American women in the American mainstream media are exoticised and hypersexualized. From Naya Rivera’s role asSantana LopezonGleeto Shakira and Jennifer Lopez’s somewhat infamous music videos toshameless advertisements, it’s not hard to find examples of thesexualization of Latina womenin pop culture.

  • Along with feeling that they are neither from the country of their ethnic background nor the United States, a new identity within the United States is formed called latinidad.
  • A woman must carry herself like Mary in order to receive respect and keep the family’s honor.
  • Although many Latina women in the homeland as well as older Latina women in the United States reinforce this dynamic by not wanting a man who is a sinvergüenza (“shameless one”), some Latinx youth accept the label of sinvergüenza and now wear it proudly.
  • Along with the increase in independence amongst these young women, there is a diminution in the power of vergüenza (“shame”) in many of the relations between the two sexes.
  • It is taught in many Latino cultures that best way to remain pure of sin and not become pregnant is to remain celibate and heterosexual.

Many Hispanics from the Caribbean, as well as other regions of Latin America where African slavery was widespread, may be of sub-Saharan African descent as well. Similar lifetime IPV rates were found for Latina and non-Latina women. Rates of recent abuse , however, tended to be more common in Latina versus non-Latina women, but the differences were not statistically significant. In models adjusted for race/ethnicity, women with a lifetime IPV history had compromised health compared to non-abused women.

It is important to note that Latino/a is an ethnic category, and one that encompasses various racial groups. Latinas are women of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Central American, South American, or Spanish origin.

Race was asked differently in the 2000 census in several other ways than previously. Most significantly, respondents were given the option of selecting one or more race categories to indicate racial identities. Data show that nearly seven million Americans identified as members of two or more races. Because of these changes, the 2000 census data on race are not directly comparable with data from the 1990 census or earlier censuses.

Thus, there remains no significant extremes of African physiognomy among Salvadorans like there is in the other countries of Central America. A total of only 10,000 African slaves were brought to El Salvador over the span of 75 years, starting around 1548, about 25 years after El Salvador’s colonization. El Salvador is the only country in Central America that does not have English Antillean or Garifuna populations of the Caribbean, but instead had older colonial African slaves that came straight from Africa. This is the reason why El Salvador is the only country in Central America not to have a caribbeanized culture, and instead preserved its classical Central America culture.

Among those 24% who have a preference for a pan-ethnic label, “‘Hispanic’ is preferred over ‘Latino’ by more than a two-to-one margin—33% versus 14%.” 21% prefer to be referred to simply as “Americans.” The Hispanic Society of America is dedicated to the study of the arts and cultures of Spain, Portugal, and Latin America. The 2010 Census asked if the person was “Spanish/Hispanic/Latino”. The modern term to identify Portuguese and Spanish territories under a single nomenclature is “Iberian”, and the one to refer to cultures derived from both countries in the Americas is “Iberian-American”.

Thus, many long-established Puerto Rican institutions have had to revise their missions to provide services and advocacy on behalf of non-Puerto Rican Latinos. New York City was the center of the stateside Puerto Rican community for most of the 20th century. However, it is not clear whether these settlement changes can be characterized as simple population dispersal. Puerto Rican population settlements today are less concentrated than they were in places like New York City, Chicago and a number of cities in Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Jersey.

The increased use of family planning has substantially lowered El Salvador’s fertility rate, from approximately 6 children per woman in the 1970s to replacement level today. A 2008 national family planning survey showed that female sterilization remained the most common contraception method in El Salvador – its sterilization rate is among the highest in Latin America and the Caribbean – but that the use of injectable contraceptives is growing. Fertility differences between rich and poor and urban and rural women are narrowing.

We used a published adaptation framework (ADAPT-ITT)20 to guide a systematic process of selecting and then adapting SiSTA, an HIV risk reduction intervention for young African American women that is widely disseminated with CDC support,21 for use with Latina women. Lessons learned through the cultural adaptation process by community agencies included the challenge—yet importance—of addressing the diverse languages, gender roles, and social norms prevalent among Latina women.

This census also marked the beginning of the term “race” in the questionnaires. Enumerators were instructed to write “White”, “Black”, “Mulatto”, “Quadroon”, “Octoroon”, “Chinese”, “Japanese”, or “Indian”. The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws. “Selena Gomez Named Ambassador to the Ryan Seacrest Foundation